Because most cameras operate 8bit processors they can only represent individual values like brightness or color hue in 2^8 or 256  values, which does not seem like a lot. However when you combine the possibilities of all the values for Red, Green and Blue you get 16777216 possible colors to work with.

September 7, 2015

Bit Depth

  Because most cameras operate 8bit processors they can only represent individual values like brightness or color hue in 2^8 or 256  values, which does not […]
September 7, 2015

The Aperture

  Lenses are featured with an iris inside them that can be turned and closed to control the amount of light that hits the sensor. The […]
September 7, 2015

Model Release Waivers

There is generally no problem to shoot images of people in public places, without a signed model release, if you are using the footage for personal […]
September 7, 2015

Planning the Shot

The act of shooting video should be both planned and experimental. By creating a shot list and storyboards you can select your equipment and locations more […]
September 7, 2015

Avoiding the Moiré

Moiré is a visual artifact that can appear on your footage when you shoot a pattern with very tight parallel lines. These artifacts are a result […]
September 7, 2015

Hiding Imperfections

Cleverly placed highlights and shadows can be very effective at hiding objects partially of entirely on a shot. The audience will dislike seeing clipped highlights and […]
September 7, 2015

Showing the Texture

Texture is a crucial part of our three dimension reality and as such it is essential to give credibility to a scene. Light can be skillfully […]
September 7, 2015

Adding Set Lights

Additional Set Lights allow you to bring attention to parts of the background that are important for the story and help set the mood. Using shadow […]
September 7, 2015

The Back Light

The Back Light is used to light the subject from behind, with the goal of preventing the subject from being blended with the background. It is […]
September 7, 2015

The Fill Light

The Fill Light is used as support, to eliminate unwanted and unfavorable shadows cast by the key light on the subject’s face. It can also be […]
September 7, 2015

The Key Light

The Key Light is the main light used to illuminate the subject. Its position and intensity must fit the surroundings, time of day and seasons and […]
September 7, 2015

Adding Lights to a Scene

When studying how to light a scene, it is a good practice to exclude light before adding it and working as much as possible with the […]
September 7, 2015

Codecs

A Codec is the piece of software responsible for taking the data from the sensor and compressing it to a more manageable size to fit in […]
September 7, 2015

Color Gamma

The Gamma measures the range of tones available for coloring the image. By raising the Gamma level, contrast can be increased and the footage gains a […]
September 7, 2015

Color temperature

We usually describe what “white light” means by its “temperature”. This measures the temperature that a black body must reach to emit the light with that […]
September 7, 2015

White Balance

Each genre, mood and theme is associated with a given color. Documentaries are usually shot with very vivid colors, while film works with softer colors. The […]
September 7, 2015

Polarizers

A polarizer is a filter that has been treated to work as a grid for light. After being reflected by a surface, light rays arrive to […]
September 7, 2015

Diffusion Filters

Diffusion filters will lower the contrast and get you back within the dynamic range of the camera, helping to prevent highlight clipping. However be careful not […]
September 7, 2015

Using Filters

Physical filters attached in front of the lenses are a very effective and easy way to optimize the contrast and the detail in your footage.
September 7, 2015

Choosing the Frame Rate

You should choose the frame rate accordingly to the function of the scene and light conditions you are shooting in. Higher frame rates (like 60 or […]